6 April 1901
The Census taken at the Ashton Union Workhouse
was a simple, though rather onerous undertaking.
It was performed by the master, Mr DAVEY, and
staff of the workhouse.
The staff of the workhouse are very
familiar with the work of making out a list of
inmates of the institution, a weekly roll
having to be made as a matter of ordinary routine
work. To gather and fill in the particulars required
for the census paper in respect of nearly 1,000
men. Women and children in the workhouse on Sunday
night was no easy task and occupied the greater
portion of the night time, whilst others were
taking their ethereal slumbers, this course having
to be adopted in order to enumerate the tramps
&c., in the casual ward, who are here to-day
and gone to-morrow.
Then there was the staff, 33 in
number, and these had to be enumerated along with
the rest. The schedule papers differed in no respect
from those issued to ordinary householders, except
that they were bound in a large volume instead
of being sent out in single sheets. There was
nothing at all out of the way in the lists; the
inmates took the matter stolidly, and it would
not have been possible to raise a laugh in any
A glance over the list was, however,
interesting. There were enumerated occupations
of every description. Were the inmates of the
Workhouse isolated from the rest of their kind
it is absolutely certain, supposing the information
on the census papers to be correct, that they
would supply themselves with home manufactured
goods of every possible description.
Nearly every shire in the British
Isles is represented. Some few expressed a little
difficulty in supplying the place of their birth,
and the word unknown figured in one
or two instances. On Sunday night, the whole of
the inmates with the exception of five
who were away on leave observed the rules
of the institution, so far as they apply to keeping
There were very few foreigners in
the workhouse. In the hospital there was an African
black woman who has been inside the house for
some time. There were also one or two Americans.
Mr and Mrs DAVEY have been busy
all the week filling up the schedules from particulars
given by heads of each department. The actual
number of inmates in the workhouse was 916, about
100 of whom were imbeciles and feeble-minded people.
There were 33 in the tramp wards, 24 of whom were
single and 9 married, which is a point in favour
In the male hospital there were
210; female hospital 194; imbecile hospital 88;
school 59; males and females in the body of the
house 344, and receiving wards 13.
SINGULAR FATALITY AT MOSSLEY
A Child Suffocated
A very singular occurrence took place at the
house of Mr John H BROOKS, waste dealer, Rose Bank,
Lees-road, Mossley, on Monday afternoon, which unfortunately
resulted in the death of a child aged one year and
The facts as reported to the police
are as follows: Mrs BROOKS, in accordance
with her usual custom after giving the child its
dinner, took it upstairs to bed, closing the bedroom
door after her. In about three-quarters of an
hour afterwards, she perceived a smell of something
burning, and upon going upstairs, she found the
bedroom full of smoke and the bed on fire.
Rushing through the smoke, she took
the child out of the bed and upon getting it downstairs
found it was quite unconscious.
It was discovered that a gaslight
had been left burning from the morning. This light
is situated midway between the curtains of the
bed and those of the window and it is considered
probable that a cat had been playing in the sun
which was shining just at that time and had pulled
the window curtains into the gaslight, and so
set fire to the bed curtains. The cat was discovered
in the bedroom quite dead. Considerable damage
was done by the fire.
THE POOR MANS POOR
(Temperance Conference in Ashton)
At the evening sitting of the Conference, Mr
JAKEMAN, of the Liverpool Temperance Union delivered
a lecture on the subject: "The Poor Mans
Poor Beer", illustrated by specimens and experiments.
He dealt first with the subject
of alcohol, and said there was a good deal of
misconceptions as to how it was produced. Alcohol
was not found in anything that was pure and good;
it was produced by corruption the fermentation
of sugar. Alcohol hardened what water softened.
Eleven years ago, he put some bread into alcohol
and it was as hard as wood; pieces of raw and
roast beef resembled shoe leather.
The best beer was not, as some people
supposed, made from barley, for this reason, that
if made from barley, there would be no alcohol
in it. Barley was converted into malt to increase
the quantity of sugar. The sole study was how
to make a beer to suit the taste of the people
so that they would purchase it.
STALYBRIDGE LOCAL NEWS
The raid which the police made in the town last
Saturday midnight has been the theme of conversation
during the week. For some months past, the guardians
of the peace have had a busy time in checking repeated
outbursts of disorderliness at that end of Caroline-street,
where what has been proved to have existed a booze
In the words of Mr Fred THOMPSON,
prosecuting solicitor, the place has been "an
abominable boozing den". And its eradication
is a blessing to the borough. The Magistrates
fittingly marked their contempt of the defendants
by inflicting substantial penalties not
too large by any means and the result is
that the disreputable looking president and his
barmen are now in durance working hard.
A fine specimen of an egg is
in the possession of Mr William WARDLE, president
of the Cobden Club, its weight being four ounces.
The egg was laid by a hen belonging to Mr Abraham
BIDDULPH, Main Greys Farm, Mottram.
On Tuesday afternoon, Mr F NEWTON, coroner,
held an inquest at the Victoria Inn, High-street,
touching the death of Margaret CARTER, aged 62,
wife of William CARTER, of Hibberts Yard,
off Robinson-street, which took place at 1.30 on
From the evidence of deceaseds
husband, it appeared that at the time named, deceased,
their son, Andrew, and himself were laughing and
talking when deceased began to cough violently,
after which she said she would lie on the sofa.
A few minutes afterwards it was found that Mrs
CARTER was dead.
She had been suffering for 18 months
from dropsy, bronchitis and had been attended
by Dr TAIT up to six weeks ago A verdict
of Death from natural causes was returned.
DEATH OF MR HENRY MOORE
The death took place on Thursday week at his
mothers residence in Forrester-street, of
Henry MOORE, who died at the early age of 19 years,
after a short but severe illness. The deceased young
man was very well known, and as he had a very cheerful
disposition, he was held in high esteem by his numerous
friends. The funeral took place on Tuesday at St
Josephs Cemetery, Moston, amid every manifestation
of grief by his sorrowing relatives and friends.
FATAL ACCIDENT AT ALBION
At about 8.30 on Monday morning, the police
received information of the death of Francis BYRNE,
aged 39, of 62, Church-street. Ashton, as the result
of an accident which took place about 7.30 at the
above mill. It appears that the deceased, who was
under carder, was engaged in piecing the driving
strap, which hung loose on the shaft, when by some
means it began to wind round the same, and catching
deceased by the waistcoat, it took him with it.
One of the hands at once ran out
for help and told the engineer to stop the engine,
which was done. On the arrival of assistance the
body was found lying on the floor, and the arm,
which was completely severed, was fast in the
strap. The body was afterwards conveyed to the
Town Hall to await an inquest. Deceased, who is
brother to the landlord of the Wellington Inn,
leaves a wife and family.
Was held on Wednesday afternoon at the Town
Hall, Ashton. Mr WILKINSON (Booth and Wilkinson
solicitors) watched the proceedings on behalf
of Messrs Reyner Ltd. There were also present
the manager (Mr W GRUNDY) and the secretary (Mr
W WRIGLEY), also J H CRABTREE, H.M. Inspector
Mary Ann BYRNE stated that the deceased
was her husband. He was 39 last birthday. She
last saw him alive at 5.30 on Monday morning when
he left home to go to work. He was then in good
health. She heard of his death about eight oclock.
Many a time the deceased had told her he dreaded
the strap, but she did not know what he meant.
Before he went out in the morning, he was laughing
and talking to them.
Emily FISH said she was a blowing
room hand at Reyners Albion Mill. BYRNE was standing
on a ladder reared against the driving shaft,
and trying to tie the driving strap with a piece
of band, so that it could not unlap whilst he
placed it. The strap was broken, and was hanging
loose on the shafting.
She saw the strap suddenly begin
to wind round the shaft and it caught BYRNE by
the waistcoat and arm and drew him off the ladder
up the shaft. She saw deceased twist once round
the shaft and then ran out and shouted for help.
By Mr WILKINSON: He never wore a
coat, but he always buttoned his waistcoat. Deceased
had done nothing at the strap. It was the shafting
that pulled deceased round, not the pulley. There
was room enough for deceaseds body to pass
round between the shaft and the roof.
James BRADSHAW fireman at the Albion
Mills, living at Market-street, Dukinfield, stated
that at twenty minutes to eight on the morning
in question, he sat in the firehole when he heard
shouting. He ran to the blowing-room to see what
was the matter, and there saw the deceased lying
on the floor beside the blower some distance away
from the shafting.
DUKINFIELD TOWN COUNCIL
- MARKET, LIGHTING AND FIRE SUB-COMMITTEE
The Surveyor reported that 21 lamp squares had
been broken during the month, making a total of
192 since the commencement of the lighting season,
as compared with 235 at the same period last year,
and 192 the previous year.
He also reported on the maintenance
of incandescent lamps. It appears that of 84 lamps
with incandescent burners, 34 had been supplied
with fresh mantles during the month.
INTERERSTING CASE UNDER
THE WORKMENS COMPENSATION ACT
A Difficult Point to Decide
Judge YATE-LEE was occupied for some time at
the Hyde County Court on Wednesday in a case brought
under the Workmens Compensation Act, in which
Mrs LANCASHIRE of 13 Port-street, Hyde, claimed
compensation from Messrs R Horsfield and Co of the
Greenfield Mill for the loss she had sustained in
the death of her husband, James LANCASHIRE.
Mr LANGDON stated that deceased,
prior to his death, was employed as an engine
tenter at the respondents' mill, and part of his
duties was to oil and grease the carding engines
in the room above the engine room. There was a
flight of steps leading to this room and on the
3rd of December he was descending these stairs
when he fell, giving himself a severe shock. He
was compelled to go home and be medically attended.
He took to his bed, and on 2nd of January died.
(Sadder still I didnt
copy the rest of the story, so I cant tell
you the outcome!)