28 February 1903
OF THE LICENSING ACT AT DUKINFIELD
A Beerseller Fined for Permitting Drunkenness
First Case Under the New Act
At the Dukinfield Police Court on Thursday, John William
RICHARDSON, licensee of the Flowing Bowl beerhouse, Oxford-road,
was summoned for permitting drunkenness on the 13th inst.
Mr George HEATHCOTE, solicitor, prosecuted on behalf of
the police, and Mr H BOSTOCK, solicitor, Hyde, defended.
In reply to the charge defendant said he was guilty, but
not of serving the women with intoxicating liquor, only
soda water. – Mr BOSTOCK said under the circumstances
the bench might take his plea as guilty.
Mr HEATHCOTE said that would
shorten the case very much indeed. The defendant was the
licensee of the Flowing Bowl beerhouse in Oxford-road.
At 9.30 on Friday evening week the police went into the
house and found in the snug two women and two men. One
of the women was named Mrs Ellen CARPENTER, and police
noticed she was under the influence of drink, leaning
on a table.
The attention of the licensee
was called to her, and he said, “There’s not
much wrong with her, she only had lemonade.” The
woman was taken into custody, and after she had been locked
in the police station the inspector was instructed by
the superintendent to report the licensee for permitting
drunkenness on the premises.
He went back and told defendant
he would be reported, and then it came out from the defendant
that Mrs CARPENTER had entered the house at 4.30 in the
afternoon, and had been in and out several times between
that time and the time the police entered. He also said
that the woman was in drink.
The next day Mrs CARPENTER
was brought before the Bench in this court. – Mr
BOSTOCK: I don’t think we have anything to do with
them. We are not responsible. – Mr HEATHCOTE: When
the case was heard, the woman admitted she was drunk.
Her husband was called as a witness. – Mr BOSTOCK:
I really must object. He knows perfectly well he has no
right to go into Mrs CARPENTER’s case. We are charged
with permitting drunkenness.
Alderman FENTEM: We can refer
to it here (in the books). – Mr BOSTOCK: Beyond
that we have nothing to do with Mrs CARPENTER. –
Mr HEATHCOTE: I think the Bench are entitled to know the
whole circumstances. It is continuing offence from 4.30
to 9.30. The husband attended to give evidence that he
saw his wife come out at 7 o’clock, and found her
there at 8 o’clock.
Mr BOSTOCK: I object, it is
altogether irrelevant. – Mr HEATHCOTE: I thought
the Bench ruled in my favour. The evidence is taken down
in the clerk’s books. – Mr BOSTOCK: The landlord
is not answerable, for the case which was called against
the woman for being drunk. This is an entirely separate
case. It does not go that because this woman was convicted
for being drunk then the landlord must be convicted for
Mr HEATHCOTE: I take it that
equal to a plea of not guilty. If this woman was drunk
the defendant has committed an offence. – Mr BOSTOCK:
We have admitted the offence. – The Chairman: We
have sufficient evidence here of the conviction. –
Mr HEATHCOTE: It had been decided that it is permitting
drunkenness serving a person with lemonade who is drunk.
– Mr BOSTOCK: I admit that.
Inspector DUTTON was then called
and gave evidence bearing out Mr HEATHCOTE’s opening
statement. – Mr BOSTOCK did not cross-examine. –
Mr HEATHCOTE: There is just one question. This was not
an ordinary visit inspector? – Mr BOSTOCK: I object;
I have not cross-examined. – Mr HEATHCOTE: You had
some reason for going? – Inspector DUTTON: Yes.
– Mr HEATHCOTE: It is sometimes said that the police
are guilty of espionage and I want to show that the visit
was in consequence of a complaint from Mrs CARPENTER’s
husband. – Mr BOSTOCK: Let us be in order, please.
– Mr HEATHCOTE: I can call the husband if the Bench
considers it necessary. – The Chairman did not consider
it necessary, and Mr HEATHCOTE said he would leave the
Mr BOSTOCK said although the
defendant had admitted committing an offence, he thought,
after the bench had heard hat had to be said about the
matter, they would be satisfied that only a technical
offence had been committed, and the case only called for
a nominal penalty. It had been stated that Mrs CARPENTER
was at this inn at 4,30, and at other times up to 9.30.
What he admitted was this, that at 4.30 she was there
and was served with a ginger ale. She came in again about
nine o’clock and remained until half past. The evidence
of the prosecution was that she had no intoxicants.
Mr HEATHCOTE: May I correct
my friend here. I offered to call the husband to prove
that at 8 o’clock she was there, and he offered
Mr BOSTOCK to Mr HEATHCOTE
he had finished once, and asked for him to be fair. The
charge against the defendant was one of permitting drunkenness.
The Bench would be aware that it was an offence for a
licensee to allow a drunken person to remain upon his
premises, although he had not served any intoxicants.
It was not everyone that knew that fact. A good many people
were under the impression that so long as a person was
served with non-intoxicants there was no harm done, and
even some licensees were under that impression. It appeared
the defendant was one.
He had only been in the trade
a year and ten months, and before that he was a mechanic.
He instructed him to tell the Bench that this Mrs CARPENTER
did come into the house about nine o’clock, and
she had had something to drink, but she was not bad. The
inspector only said she was under the influence of drink.
The defendant, having regard to the fact that she asked
for a teetotal drink, served her. That was what actually
happened. When the defendant came to see him he told him
that in law he had committed a technical offence in allowing
the woman to remain there. That was his duty as licensee.
He did not know it then; he
knew it now, but it was too late. He ought to have said
to the woman “you have had some drink and although
you only want a teetotal drink I cannot oblige you, you
must go.” He thought the Bench would say that under
the circumstances this was simply technical offence. It
would have been a different matter if this woman had her
drink at this house. Whatever was her condition it had
been brought about by drink she had elsewhere. Defendant
had made a mistake and under the circumstances he submitted
that a nominal penalty would meet the justice of the case.
The Bench retires, and after
a brief absence returned and the Chairman informed the
defendant he would be fined 20s and costs. Mr HEATHCOTE
said he was instructed by the Chief Constable in the case,
and it was usual to apply for the advocate’s fee.
Mr BOSTOCK said he had no doubt that when the Bench decided
to fine defendant 20s and costs they intended that to
cover everything. The Bench allowed Mr HEATHCOTE one guinea.
KEEPING DOG WITHOUT LICENSE. –
Mary HALL pleaded guilty at the Ashton County Police Court,
on Wednesday, for keeping a dog without license, and was
fined 5s 6d and costs.
DRUNK ON LICENSED PREMISES.
– Joseph LOWE was charged at the Ashton
County Police Court, on Wednesday, with being drunk on
licensed premises, the Miners’ Arms, Hurst. His
wife appeared and pleaded guilty, and a fine of 10s was
THE RESULT OF WAITING
FOR FRIENDS. – Two youths named Joshua
BROUGHTON and Harry HOLDEN, were charged at the Ashton
County Police Court, on Wednesday, with obstruction at
Hurst on February 10th. A constable deposed to defendants
standing on the footpath at a street corner for about
ten minutes. They were jostling each other, and some of
them ran away. – Defendants pleaded guilty, and
said they were waiting of some friends. – Fined
HE WOULD GET THE POLICEMAN
“SACKED.” – Noah REDFERN pleaded
guilty at the Ashton County Police Court, on Wednesday,
to a charge of being drunk at Hurst on February 7th. –
A constable deposed to defendant coming out of the Rising
Sun Inn at five past 11 on the night in question. On being
spoken to about the time, defendant said he would do as
he liked, and that five minutes were allowed. He added
that if witness said much he would get him “sacked.”
A crowd gathered around. Defendant wanted his friends
to help him.
Defendant’s manner elicited
a remark from the Magistrates’ Clerk: Never mind
winking at me. Where have you been this morning? –
Defendant: Working. – The Chairman: Which public
house have you called at. – The Clerk: I think you
have had a glass or two to square yourself up. –
Defendant: I have not. – Defendant was fined 5s
6d and costs.
MILL ACCIDENT: MINDER
AND PIECER INJURED: - What might have been a
very serious accident occurred at the Curzon Mill, Hurst,
on Monday. A minder in the spinning department, named
LEECH, residing in Ladbrooke-road, Hurst, and his piecer
named CHORLTON, were at work between the mule carriage
fixing a roller band, when by some means – it is
supposed through accident knocking against the starting
rod – the machinery was set in motion, and the mule
commenced to run backwards.
With remarkable presence of
mind and promptitude the minder jumped on to the mule,
and stopped the machinery by reversing the starting rod.
In doing so, however, he received a nasty flesh wound
in the leg from one of the spindles, which penetrated
deeply into the flesh. The piecer was unable to get clear
in time, and was crushed about the body. Fortunately the
prompt action of the minder resulted in the mule being
stopped just at the critical moment, otherwise the boy
would most probably have been crushed to death. Both the
minder and piecer were placed under the care of a doctor,
and have since been unable to follow their employment.
COWARDLY STRIKING A
WOMAN. – Sophia HEPWORTH summoned Daniel
NEAL, at the Ashton County Police Court on Wednesday,
for assault at Hurst on February 14th. – Defendant
pleaded guilty through aggravation.
Complainant stated that defendant
came into her house with a lodger, and on hearing a remark
that the lodger was leaving and going to live with his
mother she got up from the couch on which she was lying,
and told him he would have to pay her for his week’s
lodging before he left. Defendant told the lodger to get
his clothes, and if she attempted to stop him he would
throw them through the window. She told defendant that
he was bad-minded, whereupon he lifted up his fist and
struck her on the top of the head. He turned upon another
lodger and knocked him down. When he saw her head bleeding
he went out. Complainant never gave any provocation.
Defendant said complainant
called him a foul name, and he handed a piece of paper
to the magistrates containing a specimen of the language
used. – Defendant said he struck her on account
of the provocation. – The Magistrates’ Clerk
(Mr C H BOOTH): You’ve no right to strike a woman
whether she called you that or not. Probably if a man
had called you, you would not have struck him. –
Defendant: I admit striking the woman. – The Chairman:
It is a cowardly thing to strike a woman. – Defendant:
It was through aggravation. – The Chairman: No sensible
man would strike a woman. You will be fined 10s and costs
or 14 days’ imprisonment, and never strike a woman
again or it will be the worse for you.
OF EMPLOYMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA
Warning Letter from an Ashtonian
Sir, - I hope you will excuse the liberty of me writing
these few lines to your valuable paper, but having put
a lot of my time in to your town, and having married a
Lancashire girl, I think it my duty to warn those who
intend coming out here. I am a miner by trade, having
worked in the Snipe Colliery. I have also been a gold
prospector on the West Coast of Africa.
Having read in the daily papers
what a place South Africa was for making money, I made
up my mind to give it a trial. When I arrived here I found
things in a worse state than ever they were in England.
In Cape Town good tradesmen were working for seven and
eight shillings a day is not as good as four in England,
as everything is double the price it is in England.
The house rent here is something
awful, as you have to pay seven and eight pounds a month
for houses you could get in Dukinfield for sixteen shillings
per month. I have seen white men working as labourers
for four and five shillings a day. How they lived on it
I don’t know. But they either had to work or starve.
In fact, those folks who have not got a trade in their
hands had better stop at home, and those that have a trade
had better be engaged in England.
I will just give you a little
of my experience, as it may do someone a little good,
and cause them to think before they do anything rash.
When I arrived here in Cape Town, I thought it was no
place for me, being a miner. I thought Johannesburg would
be the best place for me, for I had splendid references
from a gold mining company in West Africa.
When I arrived at Johannesburg
I found things in a dreadful state. Hundreds were walking
about idle and penniless. I tried at nearly all the mines
around Johannesburg, but I always had the same reply,
“Very sorry, but I am afraid we shall have to stop
some of the men we now have,” and I thought the
best thing I could do was to clear out before I got in
the same state as hundreds of others that are penniless.
Well, I made my mind up to
go to Windsor for the diamond fields. When I got there
I began to sink a shaft, and spent nearly every penny
I possessed in buying material for sinking purposes. Then,
as luck would have it, I struck water, and as I had not
the money to buy a pump with, I had to clear out and look
for work somewhere else. Kimberley being only 25 miles
away, I thought I would go there and look for work in
When I got there I found Kimberley
in a worse state than Johannesburg. The Salvation Army
Home there was full of people out of employment. There
were men in that home representing almost every trade
you could mention, and you could see that they were hard-working,
respectable men, nearly all of them, only that they had
the hard luck to be out of employment.
I tried at nearly all the mines
around Kimberley, but could not get on, and as I walked
down Old De Beers-road I met a person from my own town,
and as he was holding a responsible position under the
Cape Government Railway, he offered to get me work as
a shunter on the railway. When I asked the wages I should
get he told me it would be 6s 6d a day and he was doing
me a kindness by giving me a job.
I thought the matter over,
and decided not to work for that money, but to work my
way to Cape Town to see about going back to old England,
for you must understand that board and lodgings in Kimberley
are 35s per week, and how was I going to keep a wife and
children in England and myself on that?
I worked my way back to Cape
Town and when I got there, as luck would have it, I met
a friend and by his influence I got a very good break.
I can assure you, dear sir, if you only knew what your
humble servant has gone through you would do your best
to try and stop your townsmen coming out here to destitution.
– I am, dear sir, your respectfully,
HILL & AUDENSHAW
NO LIGHT ON VEHICLE. – James READ
pleaded guilty at the Ashton County Police Court on Wednesday
to having no light on his vehicle for which offence he
was fined 1s and costs.
DRUNK AND DISORDERLY.
– Anthony SMITH, John HOLLAND, and Edward
THORNHILL pleaded guilty to being drunk and disorderly
in Pitt-street, Audenshaw, on February 5th, and were each
POTATO CLUB. –
On Saturday the members of the Church Inn Potato Club
were entertained to a good supper provided by the landlord,
Mr W STANLEY. After supper the members enjoyed themselves
with a free and easy concert. Prominent amongst the singers
were Mr R TIPPING, Mr HARRISON, and Mr W COOPER. A most
enjoyable evening terminated with a hearty vote of thanks
to the host and hostess, given with the usual honours.
SLEEPING IN A BRICK-KILN.
– Fred BARRINGTON was in custody on Wednesday
charged with being drunk at Audenshaw on February 8th
and with sleeping out at Audenshaw on February 25th, to
both of which charges he pleaded guilty. – Sergeant
JOHNSON deposed to finding prisoner sleeping in a brick-kiln.
It was a dangerous, a man being dead in this place twelve
months ago. Prisoner had been previously warned not to
go into the brick-kiln. In reply to the Bench prisoner
said he had lived at Hooley Hill on and off for about
four or five years. He had had a row with his wife. –
The Chairman described prisoner as one of those drunken
lazy fellows who would not work when they had got work
to go to. He would be fined 2s 6d costs or seven days’
imprisonment for sleeping out.
IN ASHTON DISTRICT
Portion of a Mill Blown Down
Ashton, like most other parts of the country, has been
visited by storms on different days during the past week
which for violence and destructiveness have not been equaled
for several years past. The rainfall has been heavy, and
in five days the water in the Brushes reservoirs rose
nearly four feet, the quantity of water being in consequence
being greater than at this time last year.
A comparison of the rainfall
at Swineshaw with that at Stamford Park shows that it
was much heavier in the higher and more exposed districts
than in low-lying localities. The rainfall at Swineshaw
was the heaviest on Saturday, when there were 1.1 inches,
whilst at Stamford Park the register showed 0.55 inches.
On Sunday there was half an inch at Swineshaw, and a quarter
of an inch at Stamford Park.
The velocity of the wind on
several days has been exceedingly great, and on Thursday
night so boisterous was it that it was dangerous to walk
along the streets on account of the tiles, bricks, and
slates which were blown from the roofs of houses.
About 6.30 yesterday (Friday)
morning a terrible crash was heard in the vicinity of
Delamere-street. People ran out of their houses in alarm,
and for a time they were almost blinded by particles of
dust which were carried along in the air. Upon investigation
it was found that the whole of the western portion of
the mill, owned by Mr Thomas HALLAM, known as the New
Mill, which was on fire last week, had collapsed, and
the debris lay in a vast heap in Delamere-street, completely
blocking up the roadway.
The brickwork and other material
fell with considerable force against the front of the
offices of Messrs WAINWRIGHT, Son, and Co, and the adjoining
houses, but fortunately no damage was done beyond forcing
in the iron ventilators close to the ground. Men were
set to work to clear the footpath to enable pedestrians
to pass along the street, and throughout Friday morning
the place was visited by hundreds of people.
It was the intention to demolish
the structure in view of the havoc caused by the fire.
The Old Mill and a portion of Delamere-street was not
touched by the fire, and an effort is being made to recommence
work at these mills on Monday, which will find work for
about 50 of the old hands, the others in the meantime
having been given recommends by Mr HALLAM for employment
elsewhere. When the building collapsed the street was
clear of traffic or foot passengers, and no one was injured.
The wind has torn down great
sections of the boarding enclosing the Ashton Athletic
Grounds, Manchester-road, now occupied by Mr Jno ANDREW,
of the Globe Hotel, Old-street.
One of the large plate-glass
windows in the millinery and drapery establishment of
Mr Samuel STREET, Oldham-road, Waterloo, has been blown
out by the wind and shattered into fragments on the ground.
Fortunately no one was passing at the time. Several guard
wires in connection with the electric tramways and globes
surrounding the electric lights were blown down, and the
employees of the Oldham, Ashton, and Hyde Electric Traction
Co were on Thursday and Friday busy renewing them.
BREACH OF THE PEACE. - Charles BROOKS
pleaded guilty on Wednesday to committing a breach of
the peace in Victoria-street, Bardsley, on February 8th,
and was bound over in 40s to keep the peace for three
MARRIAGE AT BARDSLEY.
– Much interest was evinced in a wedding
which took place at the Holy Trinity Church, Bardsley,
on Saturday afternoon. The contracting parties were Miss
Ada HUDSON and Mr Anthony CRABTREE, cotton operatives
at the Honeywell Spinning Company, Oldham. After the ceremony
forty and fifty guests were entertained. Many handsome
presents were received.
A WINDOW BREAKER. –
Matilda BARLOW, described as a Waterloo property owner,
was before the Ashton County justices on Wednesday, charged
with committing a breach of the peace in Selbourne-street,
Bardsley, on February 8th. – Constable BARBER said
he received a complaint, and saw defendant smashing windows
with her clog. – Defendant pleaded guilty, and said
she had paid 15s towards the cost of the windows. –
She was bound over in 40s to keep the peace for three
GATE BREAKERS. –
At the Ashton County Police Court on Wednesday, James
WALTON was charged with allowing two horses to stray at
Waterloo. – Sergeant LEEMING stated the case. –
Defendant pleaded guilty, and said he did not see the
horses. He said he locked the gate of the field in Wilshaw-lane
securely on Sunday night, and the following morning the
lock was broken off an the gate left open. Children were
always swinging on the gate. – The Magistrates’
Clerk suggested that the police should keep a lookout
for gate breakers. – The Magistrates gave defendant
the benefit of the doubt, and dismissed the case.
WATERLOO MAN IN BAD
COMPANY. – Thomas HOWLES. Operative spinner,
of Waterloo, had an adventure in Oldham on Friday evening.
He informed the Oldham Police Court on Saturday that there
was a breakdown at the Bee Spinning Company’s Mill,
Oldham, about noon. On his way home he had a few drinks
and visited the Turk’s Head beerhouse, West-street,
at 5.30. He was followed by Annie ROACH and Winifred SMITH,
who asked him to stand drinks. He paid for three bottles
of stout, and shortly afterwards missed 17s 6d. He accused
ROACH of stealing the money, and he tried to prevent her
leaving the room, but the prisoner SMITH pushed him away.
ROACH eventually returned 1s.
James ASHWORTH, the landlord,
admitted hearing a scuffle in the room, but he was called
away to another part of the house. The prisoners left
about the same time. – The Clerk: If you had done
your duty you would have stopped them. – Witness:
I thought it was a “lark” amongst them. –
The Clerk: How could it be a “lark” when the
man was demanding his money back? – ROACH, against
whom were 29 convictions, was sent to gaol for two months’
hard labour, and SMITH for one month. The Bench declined
to allow the prosecutor’s expenses, and said the
landlord would probably hear more about the case.
TOY PISTOL ACCIDENT
Two boys, it is alleged, were playing with a toy pistol
on Ashton Moss on Monday, when the pistol went off, and
a boy named WALKER, son of William WALKER, market gardener,
Ashton, was struck in the head with the bullet. He was
conveyed to the Infirmary, and up to yesterday the bullet
had not been extracted.